Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
The average household size is five persons; twelve per cent of household members are children under five years of age. Ten per cent of the households have at least one person living with disabilities while the proportion of household members living with disabilities is 5.2 per cent. This is about 10 million people in Nigeria living with disabilities. One in five households are headed by women and one-third of the households (29.8 per cent) are headed by individuals with no education
Access to Improved Water Facilities
The households in Nigeria that use improved source of drinking water are 73.4 percent. South West Zone recorded the highest percentage of households with improved main source of drinking water (87.0 percent), closely followed by South East and South South with 82.9 and 77.0 percent respectively. The lowest was North West with 62.8 percent
Access to Improved Sanitation
Nationally, 57.4 percent of households have access to improved sanitation facility. On zonal basis, South East recorded the highest percentage of households with 70.8 followed by South West with 67.6 percent while North West recorded the least percentage of households with 39.4. However, 24.4 percent of household members in Nigeria still practice open defecation. North central recorded the highest percentage of household members involved in this practice with 53.9 percent followed by South West with 28.0 percent while North West had the least with 10.3 percent.
Access to Hygiene
The household heads that had knowledge of at least two critical times for hand washing in Nigeria is 91.4. South East and South West recorded 98.8 and 94.5 percent respectively, while North East recorded the least percentage of 82.4. On the other hand percentage figure of households with fixed place for hand washing with water and soap under running water nationally is 22.1. South East recorded the highest percentage of 32.1, followed by North East while North West recorded the least percentage of 18.4.
Data source: National Bureau of Statistics & Federal Ministry of Water Resources