DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS BULLETIN 2017
The purpose of the demographic bulletin is to analyze some demographic issues in the country and provide information for policy makers and researchers.
Data was collected through secondary sources. Templates on selected demographic issues were sent to relevant ministries, departments and agencies by NBS and they were completed by the MDA desk officers responsible for the information. Furthermore, information domiciled in Federal ministries, departments and agencies were collected by staff at NBS headquarters using relevant templates.
Information derived from the Nigeria population pyramid shows that majority of the population lies between ages 0–14, depicting a young population, high fertility rate and dependency. It also implies a large population of adolescents entering the labor force in the near future. A sudden economic shock can lead to higher unemployment unless new job opportunities are urgently created. Demographic dividend is the accelerated economic growth which can happen as the population age structure changes with investment in health, education, economic policy and good governance. Harnessing demographic dividend will lead to decline in mortality rate, desire for smaller family size and increase investment in family planning which will enable a decline in fertility among women of child bearing age. If Nigeria is able to make substantial investments in reproductive health and family planning particularly in parts of the country with poor health indicators, then fertility levels may begin to decline more significantly and with improved investment in child survival and better implementation of universal health coverage, the proportion of the population at working ages will increase relative to the dependent population who earn little or no income.
Data source: National Bureau of Statistics